Volume 2 Issue 4 Article 3

Assessment of Outdoor Bioaerosols In Megacity Istanbul-Turkey and Its Relation with Tobacco Smoke

Writer(s): Aslı Baysal 1, Gul Sirin Ustabasi̇ 2,

Biological substances in the aerosols have important impacts on public health and include bacteria, fungi, etc. that they can be toxigenic, allergenic and/or infectious. These substances can be originated from either natural sources such as evaporated sea spray, windborne pollen, dust, and other geothermal eruptions or from anthropogenic sources, like various industrial and man-made processes. One of the usual and daily man-made processes is tobacco smoke. To investigate the outdoor microbial activity and effect of tobacco smoke on outdoor air, culturable microbial activity, and diversity were measured in smoking and non-smoking outdoor sites. Outdoor air samples collected with manual aerosol samplers in Florya, Istanbul (Turkey) during three months in the winter of 2015-16. Average microorganism concentrations were varied 33-200 CFU/m3 and 2-120 CFU/m3 for smoking area and non-smoking area, respectively. The most dominant species were bacillus, staphylococcus and mold.

Keyword(s): a:5:{i:0;s:9:"Pollution";i:1;s:9:"Urban air";i:2;s:26:"Microbial characterization";i:3;s:8:"Istanbul";i:4;s:11:"Bioaerosols";},

  • [1] Mueller, D., Uibel, S., Braun, M., Klingelhoefer, D., Takemura, M., Groneberg, D.A., 2011, Tobacco smoke particles and indoor air quality (ToPIQ) - the protocol of a new study, J. Occup. Med. Toxicol., 6, 35-40.
  • [2] Sureda, X., Fernández, E., López, M.J., Nebot, M., 2013, Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Open and Semi-Open Settings: A Systematic Review, Environ. Health. Persp., 121, 766-773.
  • [3] Fuzzi, S., Andreae, M.O., Huebert, B.J., Kulmala, M., Bond, T.C., Boy, M., et al., 2006, Critical assessment of the current state of scientific knowledge, terminology and research needs concerning the role of organic aerosols in the atmosphere, climate and global change, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2017–38.
  • [4] ACGIH, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. Guidelines for the assessment of bioaerosols in the indoor environment. Ohio: ACGIH, Cincinnati; 1999.
  • [5] Zhong, X., Qi, J., Li, H., Dong, L., Gao, D. 2016, Seasonal distribution of microbial activity in bioaerosols in the outdoor environment of the Qingdao coastal region, Atmospheric Environment, 140, 506-513.
  • [6] Bowers, R.M., Clements, N., Emerson, J.B., Wiedinmyer, C., Hannigan, M.P., Fierer, N., 2013, Seasonal variability in bacterial and fungal diversity of the near-surface atmosphere, Environ. Sci. Technol., 47, 12097e12106.
  • [7] IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer), 2004, Tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking, IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risks. Hum. 83:1–1438. Available at: http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/monographs/vol83/volume83.pdf, Retrieval date: 03.10.2016.
  • [8] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006, The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General, Atlanta, GA: Available:http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/secondhandsmoke/fullreport.pdf, Retrieval date: 03.03.2018.
  • [9] Hyland, A., Travers, M.J., Dresler, C., Higbee, C., Cummings, K.M., 2008, A 32-country comparison of tobacco smoke derived particle levels in indoor public places, Tob. Control, 17, 159-165.
  • [10] Nebot, M., Lopez, M.J., Gorini, G., Neuberger, M., Axelsson, S., Pilali, M., Fonseca, C., Abdennbi, K., Hackshaw, A., Moshammer, H., Laurent, A.M., Salles, J., Georgouli, M., Fondelli, M.C., Serrahima, E., Centrich, F., Hammond, S.K., 2005, Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public places of European cities, Tob. Control, 14, 60-63.
  • [11] Jaakkola, M.S., Jaakkola, J.J.K., 1997, Assessment of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, Eur. Respir. J., 10, 2384–2397.
  • [12] Turkish Statistical Institute (TSE), Road Motor Vehicle Statistics 2013, (Printing Division, Ankara, 2014).
  • [13] Ozdemir, H., Pozzoli, L., Kindap, T., Demir, G., Mertoglu, B., Mihalopoulos, N., Theodosi, C., Kanakidou, M., Im, U., Unal, A., 2014, Spatial and temporal analysis of black carbon aerosols in Istanbul megacity, Sci. Total Environ., 473, 451-458.
  • [14] Mukhtar, A., Limbeck, A., 2013, Recent developments in assessment of bio-accessible trace metal fractions in airborne particulate matter: a review, Anal. Chim. Acta., 774, 11-25.
  • [15] Ozbek, N., Baysal, A., 2016, A new approach for the determination of Sulphur in airborne particles by HR-CS ETAAS., Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 6, 1-10.
  • [16] OECD, Territorial Reviews: Istanbul, Turkey (OECD, Paris, 2008).
  • [17] Kuske, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2006, 17:291–296.

Show References

Citation type: APAAslı Baysal, Gul Sirin Ustabasi̇. (2019). Assessment of Outdoor Bioaerosols In Megacity Istanbul-Turkey and Its Relation with Tobacco Smoke. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, 2 ( 4 ) , 212-218. http://ijepem.com/volume-2/issue-4/article-3/
Citation: BibTex@article{2019, title={Assessment of Outdoor Bioaerosols In Megacity Istanbul-Turkey and Its Relation with Tobacco Smoke}, volume={2}, number={4}, publisher={International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling}, author={Aslı Baysal, Gul Sirin Ustabasi̇}, year={2019}, pages={212-218} }
Citation type: MLAAslı Baysal, Gul Sirin Ustabasi̇. Assessment of Outdoor Bioaerosols In Megacity Istanbul-Turkey and Its Relation with Tobacco Smoke. no. 2 International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, (2019), pp. 212-218.