Volume 2 Issue 3 Article 5

Enyimba’s Notion of Madukaku and The Question of Anthropocentricism In African Environmental Ethics

Writer(s): Samuel Bassey 1, Thomas Micah Pi̇maro 2,

The purpose of this study is to scrutinize Enyimba’s theory of Madukakism as a philosophy of being human within the African framework and to show its implication to African environmental ethics. Enyimba’s theory Madukakism as a philosophy of being human is founded on the notion of Madukaku. Drawn from the Igbo ontological worldview, Madukaku avers that “man is supreme”, as such, possess strong anthropocentric implication on African worldview. Enyimba Maduka’s position seems logical as it draws its inspiration from the place of humans in the ecosystem and African ontology. This paper argues that although human occupies a central position to preserve, care and tend nature for the unity and balance of the ontology and ecosystem, it is perceived as anthropoholism. It is anthro-poholism because, despite man’s central role (Anthropo), man is just a part of the (whole) environment, as such cannot exist outside the environment, and cannot be understood without allusion to the environment (Holism). This research is carried out with the philosophical method of analysis.



Keyword(s): a:5:{i:0;s:8:"Madukaku";i:1;s:10:"Madukakism";i:2;s:15:"anthropocentric";i:3;s:13:"communitarian";i:4;s:14:"anthropoholism";},

  • [1] Leahy, S., (2018), Climate change impacts worse than expected, global report warns, web page: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/10/ipcc-report-climate-change-impacts-forests-emissions/, retrieval date: 04.09.2019.
  • [2] Watts, J., (2018), We have 12 years to limit climate change catastrophe, warns UN, web page: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/08/global-warming-must-not-exceed-15c-warns-landmark-un-report, retrieval date: 04.09.2019.
  • [3] Dale, J. (2017), The amazing continent of Africa. Oxford: Raintree.
  • [4] Enslow, S. (2013), Anthropocentric View. In Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion (pp. 78–79). http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_34
  • [5] Naess, A., & Haukeland, P. (2010), Life's Philosophy: Reason and Feeling in a Deeper World. Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
  • [6] Mbiti, J. (1975), Introduction to African religion. London: Heinemann.
  • [7] Tangwa, G. B. (2007), Some African Reflections on Biomedical and Environmental Ethics. In A Companion to African Philosophy (pp. 387–395). http://doi.org/10.1002/9780470997154.ch31
  • [8] Maduka, Enyimba. Madukaku as the basis of Being Human in (Igbo) African worldview. Proceedings of the Society for Research and Academic, 8th International Conference. Date; 5th to 8 Feburary 2018: 224-229
  • [9] Maduka, Enyimba. (2019), A Critical Exposition of Madukakism as a Theory of Being Human in Contemporary Africa. Sociology and Anthropology 7(3): 126-131.
  • [10] Akpan, B. S., Okpe, O., & Adie, T. (2019). Madukaku as the Basis of Being Human in (Igbo) African Worldview; A Critical Reflection. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(1).
  • [11] Udoudom, M. D., Okpe, O., Adie, T., & Bassey, S. A. (2019). Environmental Ethics. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2), 48-55.
  • [12] Molefe, M. (2019), African Philosophy of Personhood, Morality, And Politics. S.L.: Springer Nature (pp. 187–312).
  • [13] Odimegwu, F. H. Ike, (2008), Integrative Personhood: A Communalist Metaphysical Approach Germany: Ltd Verlage, p. Viii.
  • [14] Ogungbemi Segun. (2008), An african perspective on the environmental crisis, Environmental Ethics: Readings In Theory And Application (louis pojman & paul pojman, eds.,).
  • [15] Mbiti, J.S.(1970), African Religions and Philosophies. New York: Anchor Books.
  • [16] Ijiomah, C. (2019), Harmonious Monism: A Philosophical Logic of Explanation for Ontological Issues in Supernaturalism in African Thought. Xlibris US,
  • [17] Chimakonam, O.J. (2019), Ezumezu: A System of Logic for African Philosophy and Studies. Springer
  • [18] Douglas M. (1966), Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. Routledge and Keegan Paul
  • [19] Okafor, S. O. (1982),. Bantu Philosophy: Placide Tempels Revisited. Journal of Religion in Africa, 13(2), 83–100. http://doi.org/10.1163/157006682X00078
  • [20] Wiredu, K. (1996), Cultural Universals and Particulars: An African Perspective. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • [21] Imafidon, E. (2014), On the Ontological Foundation of Social Ethics in African Traditions. In Elvis Imafidon and John A. I. Bewaji (Eds.) Ontologized Ethics: New Essays in African Meta-Ethics. Lanham: Lexington Books, 37-54.
  • [22] Mawere, M. (2011), African Belief and Knowledge Systems: A Critical Perspective. Bamenda: Langaa RPCIG.
  • [23] Gyekye, K. (1998), Person and Community in African Thought. In Peter H. Coetzee and Abraham P. J. Roux (Eds.) Philosophy from Africa: A Text with Readings. Johannesburg: International Thomson Publishing Southern Africa, 317-335.
  • [24] Murove, M. F. (2004), An African Commitment to Ecological Conservation: The Shona Concept of Ukama and Ubuntu. The Mankind Quarterly, 45 (2): 195-215.
  • [25] Izibili, M. A. (2005), Environmental Ethics: An Urgent Imperative. In Pantaleon O. Iroegbu and Anthony O. Echekwube (Eds.) Kpim of Morality. Ethics: General, Special and Professional. Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books, 383-390.
  • [26] Mbiti, J. S. (2001), “African religion and the world order”. In Mische, P.M and Merking. (eds) 2001. Toward a global civilisation. The contribution of religions. New York: Peter Lang. pp.361- 370.
  • [27] OGAR, J. N., & BASSEY, S. A. (2019). African Environmental Ethics. RAIS Journal for Social Sciences, 3(1), 71-81.
  • [28] Zahle, J., & Collin, F. (2014), Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

SOURCE SHOW

Citation type: APA

Samuel Bassey, Thomas Micah Pi̇maro. (2019). Enyimba’s Notion of Madukaku and The Question of Anthropocentricism In African Environmental Ethics. Ulusal Çevre Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi, 2 ( 3 ) , 129-136. http://ijepem.com/volume-2/issue-3/article-5/

Citation type: BibTex

@article{2019, title={Enyimba’s Notion of Madukaku and The Question of Anthropocentricism In African Environmental Ethics}, volume={2}, number={3}, publisher={International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling}, author={Samuel Bassey, Thomas Micah Pi̇maro}, year={2019}, pages={129-136} }

Citation type: MLA

Samuel Bassey, Thomas Micah Pi̇maro. Enyimba’s Notion of Madukaku and The Question of Anthropocentricism In African Environmental Ethics. no. 2 International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, (2019), pp. 129-136.