Volume 2 Issue 2 Article 3

The Effect of Irrigation by Textile Wastewater on the Growth of MM106 Apple Sapling and Soil

Writer(s): Arda Yalçuk 1, Hamdi Zengi̇nbal 2, Gamze Dogdu Okcu 3,

Nowadays, in many regions of the world face to drought problems that directly affect the agricultural production due to water deficiency or some conditions that cause the depletion of the existing water resources. In these water deficit areas, the use of wastewater for agricultural irrigation could contribute to decrease water shortage, protect surface and groundwater resources and supports the agricultural industries. In this study, in order to assess wastewater from textile industry could be used safely to irrigate ‘Golden Delicious’ apple seedlings grafted onto an MM 106 parent, a pot experiment in glass house was conducted in a sand clay loam soil (pH=7.22) from Bolu province. Municipal water (T0) prepared as a control sample, 1/3 diluted (T1) and raw textile wastewaters (T2) were applied to investigate the effects of irrigation treatments by measuring soil and leaves chemical properties. Although the Electrical Conductivity (EC) (4 dS/m) and pH values (8.5) at the end of the experiment were lower than the critical value in all the irrigated samples, the sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) values were higher than 13 in T1 and T2. The cubic model was determined to be suitable for the shoot lengths of the apple saplings irrigated with T0, T1 and T2 and R2 values could be obtained as 0.987, 0.987 and 0.992, respectively. This study clearly demonstrated that textile wastewater at appropriate dilutions could be used for irrigation in agricultural fields.

Keyword(s): Irrigation, : Heavy metals, Malus domestica, Soil properties, Heavy Metals,

  • [1] Darvishi, H., Manshouri, M. and Farahani, H.A., 2010, The effect of irrigation by domestic wastewater on soil properties, J Soil Sci Environ Manage, Vol. 1(2), 30-33.
  • [2] Scott C.A., Faruqui, N.I. and Raschid-Sally, L., 2004, Wastewater Use in Irrigated Agriculture. In: Scott CA, Faruqui NI, Raschid-Sally L, editors. Confronting the Livelihood and Environmental Realities, UK: CABU.
  • [3] Arslan-Alaton, I., Türkman, A.and Orhon, D., 2011, Future of Water Resources and Wastewater Reuse in Turkey. In: Baba A, Tayfur G, Gündüz O, Howard K, Friedel M, Chambel A, editors. Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Dordrecht: Springer, Vol. 3, 285-292.
  • [4] Tsoutsos, G., Chatzakis, M., Sarantopoulos, I., Nikologiannis, A. and Pasadakis, N., 2013, Effect of wastewater irrigation on biodiesel quality and productivity from castor and sunflower oil seeds, Renew Energ, Vol. 75, 211-215.
  • [5] Elgallal, E., Fletcher, L. and Evans, B., 2016, Assessment of potential risks associated with chemicals in wastewater used for irrigation in arid and semiarid zones: A review, Agric Water Manag, Vol. 177, 419-431.
  • [6] Pandey, R., and Singh, I., 2015, Effect of textile factory effluent irrigation on productivity of weight growth, J Sol Energ Research, Vol. 3(1), 65-72.
  • [7] Singh, P.K., Deshbhratar, P.B., and Ramteke, D.S., 2011, Effects of sewage wastewater irrigation on soil properties, crop yield and environment, Agric Water Manag, Vol. 103, 100-104.
  • [8] Shilpi, S., Seshadri, B., Sarkar, B., Bolan, N., Lamb, D. and Naidu, R., 2018, Comparative values of various wastewater streams as a soil nutrient source, Chemosphere, Vol. 192, 272-281.
  • [9] Chaoua, S., Boussaa, S.Z., Gharmali, A.E. Boumezzough, A., 2018, Impact of irrigation with wastewater on accumulation of heavy metals in soil and crops in the region of Marrakech in Morocco, J Saudi Soc Agric Sci, (in press).
  • [10] Asgari, K., Najafi, P., Soleymani, A. and Larabi, R., 2007, Effects of treated municipal wastewater on growth parameters of corn in different irrigation conditions, J Bio Sci, Vol. 7, 1430-1435.
  • [11] Bulc, T.G. and Ojstrsék, A., 2008, The use of constructed wetland for dye-rich textile wastewater treatment, J Hazard Mater, Vol. 155(1&2), 76–82.
  • [12] Wins, J.A. and Murugan, M., 2010, Effect of textile mill effluent on growth and germination of black gram Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper, IJPBS, Vol. 1(1), 1-7.
  • [13] Panaskar, D.B. and Pawar, R.S., 2011, Effect of textile mill effluent on growth of Sorghum vulgare and Vigna aconitifolia seedlings, Indian J Science & Technology, Vol. 4(3), 273-278.
  • [14] Carr, G., Potter, R.B. and Nortcliff, S., 2011, Water reuse for irrigation in Jordan: perceptions of water quality among farmers, Agric Water Manag, Vol. 98(5), 847–854.
  • [15] Castro, B.C., Lopez, A.R., Moreira, I.V., Silva, E., Manaia, C.M. and Nunes, O., 2015, Wastewater reuse in irrigation: a microbiological perspective on implications in soil fertility and human and environmental health, Environ Int, Vol. 75, 117–135.
  • [16] FAO, 2015, Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations, (web page: http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E).
  • [17] Zenginbal, H., Dogdu Okcu G. and Yalcuk A. 2018, The impact of textile wastewater irrigation on the growth and development of apple plant. Int J Phytoremediation, 20(2):153-160.
  • [18] American Public Health Association (APHA), 2005, In: 21st ed. Standard methods for the examination of waste and wastewater. Washington, DC.
  • [19] SPSS, IBM Corporation. 2011, IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0. IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY.
  • [20] Abedi-Koupai, J., Mostafazadeh-Fard, B., Afyuni M. and Bagheri, M.R., 2006, Effect of treated wastewater on soil chemical and physical properties in an arid region, Plant Soil and Environ, Vol. 52(8), 335-344.
  • [21] Çay, Ş., 2013, The Using of the urban waste water on agricultural irrigation on Konya and Effects on Maize Farming,” PhD Thesis, Çukurova University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Agricultural Structure and Irrigation, Adana.
  • [22] Bratby, J., 2006, Coagulants, in Coagulation and Flocculation in Water and Wastewater Treatment. IWA Publishing, London.
  • [23] Mañas, P., Castro, E. and Heras, J.D.L., 2009, Irrigation with treated wastewater: Effects on soil, lettuce (Lactucasativa L.) crop and dynamics of microorganisms, J Environ Sci Health A, Vol. 44, 1261–1273.
  • [24] Munshower, F.F., 1994, Practical Handbook of Disturbed Land Revegetation. Boca Raton.
  • [25] Christiansen, J.E., Olsen, E.C. and Willardson, L.S., 1977, Irrigation water quality evaluation, J Irrig Drain, Vol. 103, 155–169.
  • [26] Bedbabais, S., Rouina, B.B., Boukhris, M. and Ferrara, G., 2014, Effect of irrigation with treated wastewater on soil chemical properties and infiltration rate, J Environ Manag, Vol. 133, 45-50.
  • [27] Qadir, M. and Scott, C.A., 2010, Non-pathogenic trade-offs of wastewater irrigation. In: Dreschel P, Scott CA, Raschid-sally L, Redwood M, Bahri A, editors. Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and Mitigating Risk in Low Income Countries. London: Earthscan.
  • [28] Kaya, N. and Ozturk, M., 2003, Agricultural Investigation of Irrigation Waters and Soil Sources of Elazığ Region. Researches of Eastern Anatolia Region, Vol. 1(3), 87-92.
  • [29] Kanber, R., Önder, S., Ünlü, M., Köksal, H., Özekici, B., Sezen, S., et al., 1996, The Optimization of Surface Irrigation Methods Which Are Used for Cotton Production and Their Comparison with Sprinkler Irrigation. Final Report for Prime Ministry of Turkey, GAP-RDA, No: 18, GAP Pub., No: 96, General No: 155, Adana.
  • [30] Belaid, N., Neel, C., Kallel, M., Ayoub, T., Ayadi, A. and Baudu, M., 2012, Long term effects of treated wastewater irrigation on calcisol fertility: A case study of Sfax-Tunisia, Agric Sci, Vol. 3, 702-713.
  • [31] Angin, A., Yaganoglu, A.V. and Turan, M., 2008, Effects of Long-Term Wastewater Irrigation on Soil Properties, J Sustain Agr, Vol. 26(3), 31-42.
  • [32] Jiménez, B., 2006, Irrigation in Developing Countries Using Wastewater, International Renewable Energy Storage Conference, Vol. 6(2), 229-250.
  • [33] Yıldızbakan, A., 2005, Growing Mathematical Models in Trees and Comparative Analysis of These Models, Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Adana.
  • [34] Yılmaz, E., Akgün, C. and, Yıldızbakan, A., 2005, (Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden) have examined the growth pattern of tree species and found that they fit the von bertalanffy model of the most suitable breeder, Journal of DOA, Vol. 11, 35-52.


Citation type: APA

Arda Yalçuk, Hamdi Zengi̇nbal, Gamze Dogdu Okcu. (2019). The Effect of Irrigation by Textile Wastewater on the Growth of MM106 Apple Sapling and Soil. Ulusal Çevre Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi, 2 ( 2 ) , 68-79. http://ijepem.com/volume-2/issue-2/article-3/

Citation type: BibTex

@article{2019, title={The Effect of Irrigation by Textile Wastewater on the Growth of MM106 Apple Sapling and Soil}, volume={2}, number={2}, publisher={International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling}, author={Arda Yalçuk, Hamdi Zengi̇nbal, Gamze Dogdu Okcu}, year={2019}, pages={68-79} }

Citation type: MLA

Arda Yalçuk, Hamdi Zengi̇nbal, Gamze Dogdu Okcu. The Effect of Irrigation by Textile Wastewater on the Growth of MM106 Apple Sapling and Soil. no. 2 International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, (2019), pp. 68-79.