International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling https://ijepem.com/ijepem <p>IJEPEM (International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling) is a leading journal for environmental researchers in several areas such as water pollution, wastewater pollution, air pollution, solid waste management, biotechnology, soil pollution, surface and groundwater, renewable energy, energy management, microbiology, sustainability, waste recovery and transformation, fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks.</p> <div class="row clearfix"> <div class="mtheme-cell-wrap"> <div id="mtheme-block-5" class="mtheme-block mtheme-block-em_displayrichtext span12 mtheme-first-cell " data-width="12"> <div class="mtheme-cell-inner"> <div class="animated fadeInUpSlight animation-action"> <p>Journal welcomes the high-quality papers. Original research papers, state-of-the-art reviews and high quality technical notes are invited for publication.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Yasin Akin Ayturan en-US International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling 2618-6128 <p><strong>Copyright Transfer Statement</strong></p> <p>The Author of the Article as specified herein, hereby transfers copyright and assigns to International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling all rights, title and interest that the Author may have, may at any time be found to have in and to the Article and any revisions or versions thereof, including, but no limited to, the sole right to print, publish, and sell the Article throughout the World in all languages and media.</p> <p>This assignment shall be deemed in effect if and when the Article is accepted for publication.</p> <p>Should the Article contain any material protected by the copyright of others, the author will deliver to International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling written permission from the copyright owner to reproduce such material in the Article.</p> <p>The Author represents and warrants that he/she is the author and proprietor of the Article, that he/she has not granted or assigned any rights in the Article to any other person or entity, that the Article is copyrightable, that it does no infringe upon and copyright, trademark, or patent, that it does not invade the right of privacy or publicity of any person or entity, that it does not contain any libellous matter, that all statements asserted as facts are true or based upon reasonable research for accuracy and that, to the best of the Author’s knowledge, no formula, procedure, or prescription contained in the Article would cause injury if used or followed in accordance with the instructions and/or warnings contained in the Article.</p> <p>The Author will indemnify International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling (IJEPEM) against and costs, expenses or damages that may incur or for winch International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling may become liable as a result of any breach of these warranties. This representations and warranties may be extended to third parties by International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling.</p> Investigation of Municipal Waste Characterization and Alternative Disposal Methods in Trabzon and Rize City Centres https://ijepem.com/ijepem/article/view/volume-3-issue-2-article-1 <p>The amount of waste produced is increasing day by day because of the enlargement of cities together with the growth in population and industry. It is imperative to make a feasible and sustainable waste management plan for these wastes produced. Otherwise, it will be much more difficult to protect the environment and human health. Therefore, it is very important for the ecological balance of the earth that every waste can be reused or discharge without damaging the environment. Disposal of urban wastes without harming nature has been the biggest requirement. As the energy resources in the world are gradually depleted, studies on obtaining energy from such wastes have increased.</p> <p>In this study, the current waste management in two provinces of Turkey, Trabzon and Rize, was discussed and the system was explained in detail. In the context of integrated waste management, in order to decide on the most appropriate waste management option, provincial central waste characterization was carried out and seasonal variation in the waste composition was investigated. According to the results, approximately 65-75% of Rize municipal solid waste was found as organic waste and 35-25% as recyclable waste. Moisture content was determined as 68-70% on average annually. The lower calorific value was found between 3100 and 4800 kcal/kg on dry basis. Approximately 55-60% of Trabzon municipal solid waste was organic waste and 25-30% was recyclable waste. Annual average moisture content was found around 70%. The lower calorific value was determined between 3400-4500 kcal/kg on a dry basis. In addition, reuse, recycling, recovery and final storage systems of the municipal solid waste were discussed for the selection of the most appropriate methods within the scope of zero waste management of each province. Based on the characterization data, waste elimination from final disposal prolongs the lifetime of sanitary landfills.</p> Ayşe Kuleyin Muhammet Nalkıran Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-02-24 2020-02-24 3 2 41 48 ESTIMATING EXHAUST GAS EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS ON PORT OF ZONGULDAK https://ijepem.com/ijepem/article/view/volume-3-issue-2-article-5 In this study, the ship-borne air emissions in the port of Zonguldak were examined based on ship activity-based methods and total emissions generated from ships were estimated as 820 t y-1 for NOX, 45.700 t y-1 for CO2, 350 t y-1 for SOX, 32 t y-1 for VOC, 44 t y-1 for PM for the year of 2019. General cargo and ro-ro cargo ships are the main polluters in the port and emissions generated from the at-sea mode are higher than the port and maneuvering modes. There are five neighborhoods within 2km from the port of Zonguldak which are at risk of shipping emissions. At least 46,255 people will be exposed to dangerous shipping emissions such as NOX, SOX, PM along with other emissions within 2 km of the port area. The environmental cost of the port emissions for each contaminant has been estimated as $27 million and $43.586 per ship call. All types of emissions in the port region should be observed regularly and measures to decrease the emissions should be implemented. Aydın TOKUŞLU Copyright (c) 2020 IJEPEM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-06-25 2020-06-25 3 2 49 55 Seasonal Impact of Ikeja Industrial Wastewaters on Water Quality of Proximate Iya Alaro River in Lagos, Nigeria https://ijepem.com/ijepem/article/view/volume-3-issue-2-article-2 This study determined the seasonal impacts of wastewaters from Ikeja industrial estates on the water quality of proximate Iya Alaro River being one of the longest rivers employed for irrigational and washing purposes in the estate. Wastewater samples from industrial estate were collected at the point of discharge of effluents into the streams and at spatial interval of 50 to 200 meters upstream and downstream of the discharge point over a two- year period (2005-2007) .The effluents were analysed for physico-chemical parameters using standard methods. At discharge point during dry and rainy seasons, the pH were acidic (5.51 ± 0.16 to 6.46 ± 1.27 and 6.13 ± 0.96 to 6.80 ± 1.04).Total Dissolved Solid and Electrical Conductivity levels showed significant difference (p < 0.05) between seasons at discharge points and higher than permissible levels at upstream and downstream. Mean levels of Dissolved Oxygen (DO) were low at discharge points during the dry and rainy seasons (2.20 ± 0.66 to 3.93 ± 0.71 and 2.41 ± 0.30 to 2.83 ± 0.72). Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand increased in the range of 579-1186 mg/L and 1247-2610mg/L respectively from March to July with low levels of DO ranging from 1.70 to 3.70 mg O2/L. Mean levels of Nitrate were within permissible limits downstream and upstream and higher in rainy than dry seasons at the discharge points. Sulphate levels detected were below WHO levels of 400mg/L while Chromium levels were above the limits of 0.05 mg/L. Mean levels of Phosphate at discharge points was higher (31.97 ±1.12mg/L) during dry season of the second year, and were also higher upstream and downstream than permissible limits. Manganese showed significant difference (p < 0.05) at the discharge points. Downstream accumulations were relatively higher for Copper (4.04mg/L) and Manganese (4.10mg/L) in the dry season and Cadmium(5.93mg/L) in the rainy season. It showed that industrial wastewater majorly caused the stream to be polluted and unsuitable for drinking. The degradation of the water quality of proximate streams in the estate therefore needs preventive and remedial measures of combined central effluent and treatment plants in order to bring back the waters to a level before the pollution discharges. Daniel Gbadesere AKİNTUNDE Olukayode BAMGBOSE Copyright (c) 2020 IJEPEM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 3 2 56 67 Aluminum Gearbox of Vehicle Engine Recycling https://ijepem.com/ijepem/article/view/volume-3-issue-2-article-3 The usage of natural mines and materials is rapidly increasing in parallel to population growth and industrial developments. It is very important for future generations that the materials used are transported to landfills and protected from mineral resources by preventing them from being thrown into the environment. Separation of materials produced from different metals as much as possible, production of new materials, protection of mineral resources, and reduction of environmental pollution is also very important in economic terms. In addition to legal sanctions for the recycling of metals and other resources, voluntary organizations are making efforts in this regard. For the ones with high production and cost value at the beginning of recycled materials, more successful results are obtained. In the aluminium recycling plant, the collection and disassembly of the vehicle engines and vehicle transmissions are used in the domestic and abroad, and the dismantling of the aluminium alloys prepared according to the specifications requested by the customers. It is considered during this project stage that the vehicle engines and vehicle transmissions from domestic and foreign countries will not need to be recycled, and the vehicle engines and vehicle transmissions will be sold directly if they can be used directly in the vehicles after the necessary repairs. Şükrü DURSUN Hamza ÖLMEZ M. Enes UYSAL Emre DEMİRBAŞ Mecit AKSU Copyright (c) 2020 IJEPEM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 3 2 68 72 Pollution Load of Heavy Metals in Ilupeju, Ikeja and Isolo Industrial Wastewaters and Seasonal Impacts on Quality of Water Downstream and Upstream in Lagos Metropolis https://ijepem.com/ijepem/article/view/volume-3-issue-2-article-4 Profiles of heavy metals in Ilupeju, Ikeja and Isolo industrial wastewaters and seasonal impacts on quality of water downstream and upstream in Lagos metropolis were determined. Wastewater samples from industrial estate were collected at the point of discharge of effluents into the streams and at spatial interval of 50 to 200 meters upstream and downstream of the discharge point over a two- year period (2005-2007) .The effluents were analyzed for heavy metals using standard methods. At the point of wastewater discharge into water bodies, during dry and rainy seasons, only Manganese showed significant difference (p < 0.05) in the first year in Ikeja. In dry and rainy seasons, the level of iron fluctuated from 8.95 ± 0.18 mg/L upstream to 8.96 ± 0.88 mg/L downstream in Ikeja; 1.40 ± 0.17 mg/L to 15.94 ± 1.56 mg/L in Ilupeju and 9.10 ± 0.64 mg/L to 4.98 ± 0.76 mg/L in Isolo industrial zones. In all the industrial areas considered, all the heavy metals have high accumulation factor at one season or the other except chromium and zinc. Accumulation factor for manganese increases in order of 2.38<4.10<4.70 in Ilupeju, Ikeja, Isolo respectively and in the order of 2.21<3.91<4.04 for copper in Isolo, Ilupeju, Ikeja respectively. However, iron had highest accumulation factor of 11.38 in the rainy season for Ilupeju. The upstream and downstream levels of chromium, manganese, iron and lead were higher than permissible level with traces of cadmium. The upstream and downstream water quality was poor and not suitable for drinking and routine purposes hence control of industrial wastewater is necessary to asswage its impact on proximate river bodies. Daniel Gbadesere AKİNTUNDE Olukayode BAMGBOSE Copyright (c) 2020 IJEPEM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 3 2